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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 25(4); 2016 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2016;25(4):386-398.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.386    Published online January 17, 2017.
A Systematic Review of Suicide Prevention Programs for Healthcare Personnel.
Sunyoung Hwang, Heeseung Choi
1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. gerhwang@naver.com
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to systematically review the suicide prevention programs for healthcare personnel to identify contents, formats, and strategies essential for effective suicide prevention programs. METHODS: A systematic search using key words in English and Korean was conducted using 10 electronic databases, including EMBASE, MEDLINE, and RISS. Of 794 publications identified, 9 studies were finally included in this systematic review. The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) was used for the quality assessment. RESULTS: Of the nine experimental studies, seven studies used randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and two used quasi-experimental designs. Overall, suicide prevention programs were found to be effective in improving competencies (e.g., knowledge, communication skills, and attitudes) of healthcare personnel working in diverse settings. Limitations of these studies included a lack of rigorous research designs and reliable and universal outcome measures. Paradoxically, none of the studies were conducted in South Korea, which consistently has the highest suicide rate of all OECD countries. CONCLUSION: Suicide prevention programs for health personnel can be an effective way to improve competency of healthcare personnel in preventing suicide. These findings will serve as a foundation for the development of suicide prevention programs by Korean healthcare personnel.
Key Words: Suicide; Prevention; Training; Health personnel


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