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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 25(4); 2016 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2016;25(4):316-326.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.316    Published online January 17, 2017.
Factors Affecting Social Problem-solving Ability in Male Alcohol Dependent Patients.
Mi Young Kim, Eun Kyung Byun
1Department of Nursing, Kaya University, Gimhae, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Kyungnam College of Information · Technology, Busan, Korea. byunek@hanmail.net
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting social problem-solving ability in alcohol dependent men in outpatient treatment facilities. METHODS: Participants were 148 men dependent on alcohol who were outpatients at 5 hospitals for mentally ill patients in G City. Data were collected from May 1 to June 30, 2016 using self-report questionnaires. Abstinence self-efficacy, existential spiritual well-being, alcohol insight, unconditional self-acceptance, and social problem-solving ability were investigated. For data analysis t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression were employed. RESULTS: Mean score for social problem-solving ability was 18.28±5.27. Social problem-solving ability had a positive correlation with abstinence self-efficacy, existential spiritual well-being, and unconditional self-acceptance. Factors affecting social problem-solving ability in these men were unconditional self-acceptance, lack of sleep disorder, existential spiritual well-being, and religiousness. The explanatory power was 57%. CONCLUSION: In planning an intervention for social problem-solving ability for alcohol dependent men, it is important to employ strategies which provide enhancement of self-acceptance as a healthy countermeasure to the low level of unconditional self-acceptance and to provide educational interventions for physical health or sleep deprivation for the patients with these problems along with low social problem-solving ability.
Key Words: Alcoholics; Alcohol abstinence; Problem solving


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