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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 25(4); 2016 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2016;25(4):283-293.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.4.283    Published online January 17, 2017.
Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Empathy on the Facilitative Communication Ability of Psychiatric Nurses.
Eun jung Oh, Myung Ha Lee, Sung Hee Ko
1Graduate School, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. leemh@jbnu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among emotional intelligence, empathy and facilitative communication ability of psychiatric nurses. METHODS: Participants were 173 conveniently selected psychiatric nurses from 10 hospitals in Korea. Data were collected from June to September, 2015 through self-reported questionnaires. RESULTS: Facilitative communication ability was significantly different depending on educational level (t=6.06, p=.003). There were significant positive correlations between emotional intelligence and facilitative communication ability (r=.61, p<.001), and also between empathy and facilitative communication ability (r=.63, p<.001). In the multiple regression, except for education level, emotional intelligence (β=.17, p=.003) and empathy (β=.21, p=.000) explained 38.2% of the variance in facilitative communication ability. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that emotional intelligence and empathy are important factors in psychiatric nurses' facilitative communication ability. Accordingly, to improve the facilitative communication ability of psychiatric nurses, educational programs based on development of emotional intelligence and empathy are necessary.
Key Words: Communication; Emotional intelligence; Empathy; Psychiatric nurse


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