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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 25(3); 2016 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2016;25(3):249-261.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2016.25.3.249    Published online October 26, 2016.
Effect of Human Rights Sensitivity and Social Distance on Attitude toward Mental Illness in Psychiatric Hospital Orderlies.
Hyang Ha Kim, Ji Young Kim, Myung Ha Lee, Seok Hee Jeong
1Graduate School, Department of Nursing, Chonbuk National University · New World Hospital, Jeonju, Korea.
2College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea. kimjjy@jbnu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of human rights sensitivity and social distance in psychiatric hospital orderlies on attitudes toward mental illness, including authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictiveness, and community mental health ideology. METHODS: Participants were 201 psychiatric hospital orderlies working in one national mental hospital or one of 10 private mental hospitals. Data were collected from May 9 to June 22, 2016. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. RESULTS: Human rights sensitivity and social distance were statistically significant predictors for the attitude toward mental illness in psychiatric hospital orderlies. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that human rights sensitivity and social distance explained an additional 23% of authoritarianism, 16% of benevolence, 35% of social restrictiveness and 29% of community mental health ideology. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that education programs to increase levels of human rights sensitivity and reduce the levels of social distance among psychiatric hospital orderlies would improve their attitude toward patients with the mental illness.
Key Words: Human rights; Social distance; Psychiatric hospital orderlies


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