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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 24(4); 2015 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2015;24(4):320-329.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2015.24.4.320    Published online January 29, 2016.
The Validity and Reliability of a Psychiatric Nurses' Image Scale (PSYNIS).
Young Hee Cho, Young Ran Kweon, Bom Jo
1Christian College of Nursing, Gwangju, Korea.
2School of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Korea.
3Graduate School of Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. springloveqha@hanmail.net
This study was done to verify the validity and reliability of a Psychiatric Nurses' Image Scale (PSYNIS) for Korean psychiatric and mental health nurses. METHODS: A methodological study design was used with an exploratory factor analysis, Pearson's correlation, and a fitness of the modified mode for validity. Cronbach's alpha coefficients and an alternative-form method for reliability were used. Psychiatric Nurses' Image Scale (PSYNIS) was tested with 345 psychiatric and mental health nurses, residing in G city, J city, and J province. Data were collected from Jun. 1 to Aug. 2, 2012. Responses were obtained from respondents through self reports method and each item had a possible score of 5. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 and LISREL 8.54 programs. RESULTS: The 28 items making up the instrument were classified into the following 4 factors: 'Professionalism', 'Activism', 'Coordination competence', and 'Personalism'. These factors explained 63.2% of the total variance. Fitness of the modified mode was good (chi2= 1052.30, RMSEA=.05, GFI=.90, AGFI=.86, NFI=.97, and CFI=.98). The reliability of the PSYNIS was .95 (Cronbach's alpha). CONCLUSION: Results of the present study suggest that the PSYNIS is useful for efficiently evaluation of the image of psychiatric nurses.
Key Words: Psychiatric nurses; Image; Validity; Reliability


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