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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 23(2); 2014 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2014;23(2):60-69.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2014.23.2.60    Published online June 30, 2014.
The Effects of Self-esteem and Family Stress on Depression of Middle-aged Couples: Analysis of Actor-Partner Interdependence Model.
Yu Jeong Yang, Sung Hee Shin
College of Nursing Science, East-west Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, Korea. sunghshin@khu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was done to examine actor and partner effect of self-esteem and family stress on depression of middle-aged married couples. METHODS: Participants were 133 couples aged 40-60 years, who lived in Seoul, Incheon, or Gyeonggi provinces. All measures were self-administered. Data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 program. RESULTS: Husband and wife's self-esteem had an actor effect (wife beta=-.45, p<.001; husband beta=-.35, p<.001 respectively) on their depression. Wife's family stress had an actor effect (beta=.27, p=.006) on her depression and a partner effect (beta=.31, p=.002) on her husband's depression. Meanwhile, it also had an indirect effect on her depression through self-esteem (beta=-.28, p<.001). Husband's family stress did not have an actor effect or a partner effect on his depression, but it had an indirect effect on his depression through self-esteem (beta=-.35, p<.001). CONCLUSION: Results indicate that to prevent the constantly increasing depression of middle-aged married couples, programs should be conducted for both of the couple, but focused differently for wife and husband.
Key Words: Middle-aged couples; Depression; Family stress; Self-esteem; APIM


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