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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 22(4); 2013 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2013;22(4):285-294.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2013.22.4.285    Published online December 31, 2013.
Military Stress, Stress Coping, and Mental Health Status among Soldiers who Need Intensive Care.
Hyunlye Kim, Ran Keum, Sunah Kim, Su In Park, Jin Young Park
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Baekseok Culture University, Cheonan, Korea.
3College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Nursing Policy Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
4Master's Course, College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. inytt@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to explore the level of military stress, stress coping, and mental health status and to identify the relationships among these variables in soldiers who need intensive care. METHODS: The participants were 113 perceived maladjusted soldiers who participated in Green-camp from one army base in Gyeong-gi Province. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires and analyzed with the SPSS-WIN 20.0 program. The instruments were the Military Stress Inventory, Ways of Coping Checklist, and Symptoms Checklist- 90-Revision (SCL-90-R). RESULTS: The level of stress was 3.6+/-0.70, overall stress coping was 1.1+/-0.41, and mental health status was 1.5+/-0.93. There were significant differences in stress, stress coping, and mental health status according religion, economic status of family, prospects for the future, persons with whom one could talk about troubles. The group with higher emotion focused coping had significantly higher scores on mental health status. There were significant positive correlations among major variables. Military stress was a significant predictor of mental health status (Adjusted R2 21.0%). CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of this study, stress management and intervention programs focusing on depression are highly recommended to manage maladaptive problems in soldiers.
Key Words: Psychological stress; Coping skills; Mental health; Military personnel
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