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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 22(4); 2013 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2013;22(4):273-284.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2013.22.4.273    Published online December 31, 2013.
Efficient Suicide Prevention Intervention: Meta-Analysis.
Hyunjoo Park, Jeongyee Bae
1Department of Nursing, Busan Womens College, Busan, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Inje University, Busan, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr
3Institute for Health Research, Inje University, Busan, Korea.
4International Safe Community Research Center of Busan Metropolitan, Busan, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the suicide ideation effects of suicide prevention program. METHODS: Using several databases, studies were collected from March, 2012 to August, 2012. For the purpose of a systematic literature review, in this study analysis was done of pretested-posttested research among non-randomized studies utilizing suicide prevention program, and having set the intervention as the independent variable suicidal idea as a dependent variable. RESULTS: The result of interventions on suicide prevention showed a moderate effect at -0.72 (96% CI: -0.96, 0.48). For intervention types, reality therapy was most effective overall, while the life cycle was found to be most effective for young people (d=-1.57, 95% CI: -2.70, -0.43). The periods for the intervention on suicide prevention was shown to be most effective when it was repeated over 20 times (d=-1.55, 95% CI:-2.75, -0.35), and also it worked better for the risk group than a general group (d=-0.89, 95% CI: -1.26, 0.52). CONCLUSION: The findings of this study support basic data for interventions to prevent future suicide and the need for further development of prevention programs.
Key Words: Suicide; Prevention; Intervention; Meta-analysis
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