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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 22(2); 2013 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2013;22(2):128-136.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2013.22.2.128    Published online June 30, 2013.
Spirituality and Self-esteem in Middle-aged Women.
Sook Nam Kim
College of Nursing, Catholic University of Pusan, Busan, Korea. snkim@cup.ac.kr
This study was conducted to identify the relationship of spirituality and self-esteem in middle-aged women. METHODS: The participants were 260 women, aged 40 to 64, living in Busan City or Kyungnam Province. The measurement scale used in the study were the 'Korean Spirituality Scale' and a 'Self-esteem Scale'. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson' correlation coefficients, and simple linear regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. RESULTS: The level of spirituality and self-esteem of the women averaged 3.1. For differences in spirituality and self-esteem by general characteristics, there were significant differences according to religion, employment, and economic status. There was a significantly positive correlation among spirituality and self-esteem. Simple linear regression analysis showed that spirituality accounted for 49% of the variance in self-esteem. CONCLUSION: The interest in spirituality is an important in psychological nursing to meet patient demands, especially patients who are experiencing existential problems. It is necessary to provide psycho-spiritual programs for the middle-aged women to improve self-esteem. Future research with experimental designs and random sampling needs to be done to examine relationships between middle-aged women's spirituality and self-esteem.
Key Words: Spirituality; Self-esteem; Middle aged; Women


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