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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 28(2); 2019 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2019;28(2):124-132.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.2.124    Published online July 10, 2019.
The Mediating Effect of Alexithymia on the Relationship between Attachment and Depression in Early Adulthood.
Minji Gil, Suk Sun Kim
1Doctoral Student, Graduate School, Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
2Associate Professor, College of Nursing, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. suksunkim@ewha.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of alexithmia on the relationship between attachment and depression in early adulthood. METHODS: A convenience sample of 260 young adults responded to the survey. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and path analyses using bootstrapping. RESULTS: The path analysis indicated that anxious attachment and alexithymia was positively related to depression, but there was not a significant relationship between avoidant attachment and depression. In a modified path model, alexithymia mediated the positive effects of anxious attachment and avoidant attachment on depression. CONCLUSION: Our study findings suggest that early adults who have insecure attachments are vulnerable to alexithymia and depression. Targeted interventions to improve emotional expressive ability may reduce depression in early adulthood.
Key Words: Adult; Depression; Affective symptoms; Object attachment


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