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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 21(3); 2012 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2012;21(3):229-237.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2012.21.3.229    Published online September 30, 2012.
Mediating Effect of Psychological Empowerment in Relationship between Professional Self-concept and Burnout in Psychiatric Nurses.
Gyung Hee Kim, Jiyoung Kim, Juri Limb
1Seoul Women's College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
2Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea. kimjy@cau.ac.kr
3Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediator role of psychological empowerment in the relationship between professional self-concept and burnout in psychiatric nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational survey was conducted in S city and G province with 127 psychiatric nurses working in mental hospitals. Data were collected from March 8 to 16, 2012. The instruments used were the Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire, the Professional Self-concept of Nurses Instrument, and the Tedium Measurement. The collected data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with PASW 20.0. RESULTS: Statistically significant relationships were found among professional self-concept, psychological empowerment, and burnout. Psychological empowerment functioned as a mediator between professional self-concept and burnout. CONCLUSION: The implication of the results is that interventions that focus on psychological empowerment will contribute to the reduction of burnout in psychiatric nurses. This study also contributes to knowledge about the conditions that precede burnout, and shows the important role of psychological empowerment in the relationship between professional self-concept and burnout.
Key Words: Nurse; Empowerment; Self-concept; Burnout


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