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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 20(2); 2011 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2011;20(2):132-142.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2011.20.2.132    Published online June 30, 2011.
Effects of a Depression Prevention Program on Depression, Self-esteem, and Quality of Life in a Community Population.
So Young Min
Department of Nursing, Semyung University, Korea. symin2@semyung.ac.kr
This study was conducted to test the effects of a community-based depression prevention program on community people and the effectiveness was measured by assessing depression, self-esteem, and quality of life. The theoretical framework supporting the program was Ellis' REBT (Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy) theory (1962). METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Study participants were 29 community residents (experimental: 14, control: 15). The depression prevention program consisted of music activity, bibliotherapy, and cognitive behavior therapy and was provided for 6 weeks (a twelve-session). Data were collected before and after the program and 3 months later for follow-up testing. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0. RESULTS: There were no differences in outcome variables between the experimental and control groups. From the additional analyses, statistically significant differences by time point were observed for Self-esteem and Quality of life at 3 months later for experimental group. And 50% of the participants with depression symptoms no longer scored in the depression symptoms in the experimental group. CONCLUSION: The study findings indicate that depression prevention programs are positive in reducing depression in people suffering from depression symptoms. However some modifications are required to increase effectiveness.
Key Words: Cognitive therapy; Depression; Self-esteem; Quality of life; Community mental health service


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