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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 28(1); 2019 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2019;28(1):26-36.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2019.28.1.26    Published online April 5, 2019.
Exploring the Basic Psychological Needs Necessary for the Internalized Motivation of University Students with Smartphone Overdependence: Applying a Self-Determination Theory.
Myung Soon Kwon, Juhye Jin
1Professor, Department of Nursing, Research Institute of Nursing Science, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.
2Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Korea National University of Transportation, Jeungpyeong, Korea. jhjin@ut.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
Smartphone overdependence in young adults is a growing issue, that requires a vigorous approach to manage its associated problems in the affected ones. This study was designed to suggest a detailed direction to help university students with smartphone overdependence, who would be internally motivated through satisfying their basic needs based on the self-determination theory (SDT). METHODS: The data were collected via face-to-face interviews with twenty program providers, who have managed the program for preventing and treating the smartphone overdependence. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed. The data were analyzed using directed qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: One core category emerged from the findings: ‘Empowering motivation of autonomous actor of change associated with environmental context,’ which three generic categories and seven subcategories supported. Apart from the three basic needs in the SDT, autonomy, relatedness, and competence, no additional concepts were mentioned, but the participants complained about the practical difficulties of running programs with non-motivated students. CONCLUSION: Our study findings emphasize that research and clinical practice for young people with smartphone overdependence should focus more on developing detailed program contents synchronized with theoretical and conceptual guidance.
Key Words: Behavior, Addictive; Smartphone; Students; Motivation; Qualitative research


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