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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 19(4); 2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2010;19(4):400-410.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2010.19.4.400    Published online December 31, 2010.
Effects of a Resilience Enhancement Program on Self-efficacy, Problem Solving Ability, and School Adjustment of Middle School Students.
Chung Sook Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Young Ran Kweon, Bo Young Kim
1College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Korea.
2Chonnam National University Research Institute of Nursing Science, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Korea. yrk@chosun.ac.kr
4Gwangju Namgu Mental Health Center, Korea.
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was done to examine the effects of a resilience enhancement program for middle school students. METHODS: The research design was a quasi-experimental pre-and-post-test control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The participants for the study were 124 (experimental=60, control=64) middle school students in G city. The experimental group received the program for eight sessions. The control group did not receive any treatment. From April to June 2009 data were collected using self-report structured questionnaires, and were analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, chi2-test, Fisher's exact test, and t-test with SPSS/WIN 15.0 program. RESULTS: After the treatment, significant differences were found between the experimental and control groups in terms of problem solving ability (t=2.52 p=.007) and school adjustment (t=1.66, p=.004), but not in level of self-efficacy (t=0.80, p=.212). CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that this program can be used in school based practice as an effective nursing intervention for adolescents.
Key Words: Adolescents; Resilience; Adjustment


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