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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(4); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(4):406-414.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.4.406    Published online January 7, 2019.
Associations between Elementary School Students' Cell Phone Dependency and Aggression: The Mediating Effects of Diverse Leisure Activities.
Hee Sook Kim, Jun Ok You, Changsuk Jung, Nakyum Hyung
1Professor, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
2Doctoral Student, College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. youmetpig@hanmail.net
3Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, Daegu Haany University, Daegu, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cell phone dependency and aggression in elementary school students with the mediating effect of leisure activities in South Korea. METHODS: Data were cross-sectional in study design with 1,555 fourth grade elementary school students participating in the 4th-year Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 and AMOS 21.0 program. RESULTS: Cell phone dependency has a significant effect on aggression, but it did not act as a control variable in the relationship between the protective factor, weekly book reading time and the amount of daytime play with aggression. Weekly entertainment time and weekly TV and video viewing time had a significant statistical effect on aggression, thus this study confirmed that cell phone dependency acts as a control variable in relation to aggression. CONCLUSION: As the entertainment time for elementary school students, the time spent watching TV and videos play a negative role, it is necessary to prepare a leisure activity management practice and strategies with an emphasis on entertainment time as well as, TV and video viewing as elementary school students' leisure activities for a healthy school life.
Key Words: Cell phone; Dependency (Psychology); Aggression; Leisure activities
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