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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 19(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2010;19(1):34-43.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2010.19.1.34    Published online March 31, 2010.
The Effect of a Wellness Program on Nutritional and Diet Knowledge, Exercise and Weight Control Knowledge, and Weight Control of Schizophrenia.
Kyung Hee Ko, Myung Sill Chung, Jung Hee Kim
1Seoul National Hospital, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Sungshin Women's University, Korea. cmsill@sungshin.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
This research was conducted to compare the effect of a wellness program on nutrition and diet knowledge, exercise and weight control knowledge, and weight control of schizophrenia patients. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. A total of 34 patients were randomly divided into the experimental group (17) and the control group (17). The experimental group received about 1 hour of a nutrition and diet knowledge intervention for 6 weeks and about 1 hour of an exercise and weight control knowledge intervention for another 6 weeks, while the control group received the usual care. The outcome variables were measured before and after the program. Data were analyzed by t-test using SPSS/WIN 14.0. RESULTS: The experimental group showed significant improvement in nutrition and diet knowledge, exercise and weight control knowledge, and reduction in body weight. CONCLUSION: The wellness program was effective on increasing nutrition and diet knowledge, exercise and weight control knowledge, and decreasing body weight of schizophrenia patients.
Key Words: Wellness program; Body weight; Diet; Exercise; Schizophrenia
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