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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(3); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(3):293-302.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.3.293    Published online October 16, 2018.
Mediating Effects of Self Efficacy and Self-Control in Nursing Students' Smartphone Addiction.
Seunghyun Lee, Jeongyee Bae
1Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Taegu Science University, Daegu, Korea.
2Professor, Department of Nursing, Inje University · Inje University Institute for International Safe Community, Korea. jibai@inje.ac.kr
The purposes of this study were to investigate the factor of smartphone addiction based on Agnew's general strain theory and examine the mediating effects of self efficacy and self-control in the identified model of the nursing students. METHODS: Study participants were 292 nursing students recruited from 3 universities. Self-reported data were collected in September 2015 from structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, exploratory factor analyses, and structural equation modeling. RESULTS: Self efficacy and self-control have a direct effect on smartphone addiction in the nursing students. The relationship between depression and smartphone addiction was fully mediated by self efficacy and self-control. However, the relationships of smartphone addiction shares with college adaptation and stress were partially mediated by depression, self efficacy, and self-control. CONCLUSION: Our study findings may be used as baseline information to develop preventive intervention programs for nursing students. Nursing educators and clinicians should encourage students' self-control, improve self efficacy when dealing with those with smartphone addiction, emphasize adaptation to college, and help manage stress and depression.
Key Words: Smartphone; Behavior, addictive; Depression; Self efficacy; Self-control


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