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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 33(2); 2024 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2024;33(2):93-103.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2024.33.2.93    Published online June 30, 2024.
Association between Child Maltreatment and Intimate Partner Violence: Moderating Effects of Gender, Age, and Household Income Level
Oh Young Kwon1  , Heejung Kim2  , Young Ran Han3  , Soyun Hong4 
1Research Professor, College of Nursing and Brain Korea 21 FOUR Project, Yonsei University ‧ College of Nursing ‧ Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
2Associate Professor, College of Nursing ‧ Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
3Professor, Department of Nursing, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, Korea
4Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Korean Bible University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence:  Soyun Hong, Tel: +82-2-950-5551, Fax: +82-2-392-5440, 
Email: rnsoyun@gmail.com
Received: 4 March 2024   • Revised: 17 May 2024   • Accepted: 18 June 2024
Abstract
Purpose
This study examines the association between child maltreatment and the perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood, exploring the moderating effects of gender, age, and household income level.
Methods
This cross-sectional study analyzed secondary data from the 2016 Domestic Violence Survey in South Korea, including 1,765 married individuals aged 65 or younger who responded to key variables. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze associations among the variables.
Results
The paths from child maltreatment to IPV perpetration (β=.22, p<.001) and victimization (β=.22, p<.001) were statistically significant. Gender, age, and household income level significantly moderated this relationship. Women under 40 were more likely to be IPV victims than perpetrators. Low-income level increased the likelihood of being both perpetrators and victims. Women under 40 who had experienced child maltreatment and had a low-income level showed different probabilities of being victims or perpetrators of IPV.
Conclusion
Our findings highlight the need to mitigate the negative impact of child maltreatment in adulthood by designing specific interventions for vulnerable groups, such as women, younger individuals, and those with low-income levels. Ensuring lifelong prevention of child maltreatment and establishing tailored programs for IPV is crucial.
Key Words: Child abuse; Intimate partner violence; Family nursing
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