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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 33(2); 2024 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2024;33(2):150-169.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2024.33.2.150    Published online June 30, 2024.
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Studies on Psychiatric Nursing Simulation Program-Focused on Scenario
Geun Myun Kim1  , Eun Joo Kim2  , Ji Young Lim3  , Soo Jung Chang2  , Ok Kyun Lee4  , Seong Kwang Kim4 
1Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University,Wonju, Korea
2Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
3Professor, Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
4PhD Candidate, Department of Nursing, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Wonju, Korea
Correspondence:  Eun Joo Kim, Tel: +82-33-760-8650, Fax: +82-33-760-8640, 
Email: kimeju@gwnu.ac.kr
Received: 15 April 2024   • Revised: 29 May 2024   • Accepted: 19 June 2024
This study aims to systematically review the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to thoroughly analyze the outcomes of studies on simulation programs in psychiatric nursing.
We conducted an initial search from January 1, 2000, to September 30, 2023, using databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. A total of 2,571 articles were reviewed based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. We selected 35 articles for systematic literature review and subjected 20 of them to meta-analysis. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics and the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis program.
The number of psychiatric nursing simulation programs has increased since 2015. The most common programs used Standard Patients (SP), but studies using Virtual Reality (VR), audio, video, and other methods have recently been reported. The programs addressed various mental health issues, including depression, suicide, violence, alcohol problems, and mood disorders. Overall, considering all the studies, a significant effect was observed with a pooled Hedges’s g value of 0.56 (95% CI: 0.35~0.78; p<.001).
These findings highlight the importance of incorporating simulation-based education into nursing curricula to equip professionals with the skills to provide high-quality care to individuals with mental health problems. Further research is needed to explore the long-term benefits of these educational interventions on patient care.
Key Words: Psychiatric nursing; Patient simulation; Meta-analysis
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