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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(2); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(2):159-169.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.2.159    Published online July 4, 2018.
Systematic Review of Mental Health Interventions Designed for Multicultural Children and Adolescents in South Korea.
Yun Mi Lee, Heeseung Choi
1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. hchoi20@snu.ac.kr
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to review intervention programs designed to promote mental health in multicultural children and adolescents living in Korea. METHODS: A systematic search with key words in Korean and English was conducted using 9 electronic databases. Twelve studies were included in the sample for systematic review and the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Study (MINORS) was used to assess methodological rigor and quality of scientific evidence. RESULTS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were used in 3 and quasi-experimental designs in nine studies. Interventions utilizing art therapy were found to be effective in improving school adjustment in these children, and in decreasing levels of depression and anxiety. Learning activities and self-image were not found to be effective. In all 12 studies discussion of the theory guiding the intervention was not included and all 12 studies were rated as having a high risk of bias based on MINORS criteria. CONCLUSION: Findings provide a basis for developing intervention programs to improve mental health in multicultural children and adolescents. Core strategies for promoting mental health in these children and adolescents include access to age and situational characteristics. For intervention effects, development of programs to improve self-esteem and resilience is important.
Key Words: Cultural diversity; Child; Adolescent; Mental health; Intervention


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