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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(2); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(2):85-97.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.2.85    Published online July 4, 2018.
Relationships among Traumatic Experiences, Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms, and Mental Health-related Characteristics in Young Adults.
Kyunghyun Lee, Hyekyung Jo, Sunah Kim
1College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. PSY0962@yuhs.ac
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress symptoms and mental health-related characteristics in young adults and identify relationships among the variables. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, data were collected through a Web-based survey (N=568). Structured instruments included valid measures of traumatic experiences, posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, somatization symptoms, insomnia, and alcohol use. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, χ2 tests, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient with SPSS statistics 23. RESULTS: Among study participants, 76.8% reported traumatic experiences. The severity of trauma was associated with high levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, somatization symptoms, insomnia, and alcohol use. Women showed more severe posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms than men. There were positive correlations for trauma experiences with posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, somatization symptoms, and insomnia. CONCLUSION: Findings indicate the need to develop nursing intervention programs to relieve posttraumatic stress symptoms and improve mental health related characteristics targeting young adults, and to establish a national policy that addresses characteristics of trauma experienced in Korea.
Key Words: Stress disorder, Post-traumatic; Depression; Mental health; Young adult


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