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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 27(1); 2018 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2018;27(1):74-84.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2018.27.1.74    Published online April 9, 2018.
Influence of Self-awareness, Other-awareness, and Interpersonal Relation Competence on Smartphone and Internet Addiction in Nursing Students.
Mira Son
Department of Nursing, Shinsung University, Dangjin, Korea. sml61@naver.com
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study purposed to identify the levels of self-awareness, other-awareness, interpersonal relation competence, and smartphone and Internet addiction and identify the influence of self-awareness, other-awareness, and interpersonal relations competence on smartphone and Internet addiction in nursing students. METHODS: Study participants were 479 nursing students who completing structured self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression. RESULTS: The participants' smartphone addiction risk was shown to be 24.2%. Among the predictors, gender (β=−.11, p < .05), academic year (β=.15, p < .01), self-awareness (β=−.12, p < .05) other-awareness (β=.29, p < .001), and interpersonal relation competence (β=−.20, p < .001) had significant influences on smartphone addiction. The explanatory power of this regression model was 16.0%(F=10.21, p < .001). The participants' Internet addiction risk was shown to be 29.0%. Among the predictors, academic year (β=.12, p < .05), major satisfaction (β=−.17, p < .001), other-awareness (β=.22, p < .001), and interpersonal relation competence (β=−.18, p < .001) had significant influences on Internet addiction. The explanatory power of this regression model was 13.0% (F=8.48, p < .001). CONCLUSION: It is necessary to develop the early detection and monitoring of smartphone and Internet addiction among nursing students. In addition, specific programs focused on promoting self-awareness and other-awareness for smartphone and Internet addiction should be developed.
Key Words: Internet; Addiction; Awareness; Nursing students; Interpersonal relations
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