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J Korean Acad Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs > Volume 26(4); 2017 > Article
Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 2017;26(4):353-361.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12934/jkpmhn.2017.26.4.353    Published online January 24, 2018.
Effects of a Parent Empowerment Program Applying MBTI for Mothers of Elementary School Students.
Hee Sook Kim, Pan Hee Kim
1College of Nursing · The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Gumi University, Gumi, Korea. panhee1004@hanmail.net
Abstract
PURPOSE
The study was done to investigate effects of a parent empowerment program using MBTI (Myers-Brigs Type Indicator) on self-esteem, parent-child communication, and parenting sense of competence in mothers of elementary school students. METHODS: Research design was a quasi-experimental research with pre- and post-test. Participants were 26 mothers recruited from mothers of elementary school students. The program was provided to the experimental group for 60 minute sessions once a week for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using Fisher's exact probability test, χ² test, and t-test with SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. RESULTS: The first hypothesis was verified as the score for self-esteem in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (t=3.14 p<.001). The third hypothesis was verified as the score for parenting sense of competence in the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group (t=2.58 p<.017). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the parent empowerment program applying MBTI enhances self-esteem and parenting sense of competence in mothers of elementary school children. Therefore, this program is an appropriate strategy for community mental health nurses to use to improve parent empowerment.
Key Words: Empowerment; Self-esteem; Communication; Parenting


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